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Long-term renovation strategies

EU countries have submitted strategies that foster investments in the renovation of residential and commercial buildings.

All EU countries must establish a long-term renovation strategy to support the renovation of their national building stock into a highly energy efficient and decarbonised building stock by 2050.

The requirement for EU countries to adopt a long-term renovation strategy is set out in the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (2010/31/EU), which was revised in 2018 (2018/844/EU). These strategies form part of EU countries’ integrated national energy and climate plans (NECPs).

The long-term renovation strategies must include

  • an overview of the national building stock
  • policies and actions to stimulate cost-effective deep renovation of buildings
  • policies and actions to target the worst performing buildings, split-incentive dilemmas, market failures, energy poverty and public buildings
  • an overview of national initiatives to promote smart technologies and skills and education in the construction and energy efficiency sectors

The strategies must also include a roadmap with

  • measures and measurable progress indicators
  • indicative milestones for 2030, 2040 and 2050
  • an estimate of the expected energy savings and wider benefits and the contribution of the renovation of buildings to the Union's energy efficiency target

Long-term renovation strategies must also be underpinned by a solid financial component (effective use of public funding, aggregation, de-risking).

Building renovation plans

The Commission has proposed to review the current framework within the revision of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and suggests to strengthen the long-term renovation strategies towards 'Building renovation plans'.

These national plans should be submitted every 5 years, following the submission of a draft plan and they should have clear and specific chapters, based on a common template. The plans will include national targets (instead of indicative milestones) in a more unified and comparable approach, an outline of the investment needs for their implementation and an overview of policies and measures.

Building renovation plans will be aligned with the Governance Regulation framework but will be better synchronised with the national energy and climate plans (NECPs).

National long-term renovation strategies 2020

The national long-term renovation strategies provided important input to the 'renovation wave’ initiative announced as part of the European Green Deal, aiming to take further action and create the necessary conditions to scale up renovations and reap out the significant saving potential of the building sector. All the strategies are available in national language and English in the table below.

With a view to share best practices among EU countries, the Commission developed a first Staff Working Document analysing the national Long Term Renovation Strategies 2020, for 13 EU countries. The strategies and their assessment were a key input to the national Recovery and Resilience Plans where energy efficient buildings renovation has a prominent place. The Commission updated the Staff Working Document to complement and deepen the preliminary assessment and analysed the 26 Long Term Renovation Strategies, submitted by 1st October 2021, while keeping the same structure.

National long-term renovation strategies 2014 and 2017

In 2014 and 2017, EU countries submitted strategies to show how they plan to foster investment in the renovation of residential and commercial buildings. These strategies were an obligation under the Energy Efficiency Directive (2012/27/EU).