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EU-U.S. cooperation on energy issues

The European Union and the United States are each other’s main trading partners, largest investors, and investment markets of first choice, and account for the largest bilateral trade relationship in the world. In this context, the EU and the U.S. are strategic partners who work together to enhance energy security, promote energy diversification and reduce dependence on fossil fuels. In parallel, the EU and the U.S. are committed to meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement, achieving the objective of net zero emissions by 2050, and keeping a 1.5 degrees Celsius limit on temperature rise within reach.

While the ministerial-level EU-U.S. Energy Council is our main cooperation framework to address mid- and long-term issues, the transatlantic cooperation has been elevated to the Presidential level with the setting up of an EU-U.S. Task Force on Energy Security.

EU-U.S. Task Force on Energy Security

Established on 25 March 2022 by President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen and President of the United States Joe Biden, the EU-U.S. Task Force on Energy Security aims primarily to reduce the EU’s reliance on Russian energy, including by diversifying its natural gas supplies in alignment with its climate objectives and reducing its overall demand for natural gas.

In 2022, the United States more than doubled its target to ensure an additional 15 billion cubic meters (bcm) of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to the EU, exporting 56 bcm (up from 22 bcm in 2021) and making the EU the largest destination for its LNG exports, accounting for more than 52% of its supplies. This trend continues, with the EU receiving almost half of its LNG imports (48.5%) from the United States between July and September 2023.

On 10 March 2023, President Biden and President von der Leyen declared in a joint statement that the U.S. and the EU will continue to work together to advance energy security and sustainability in Europe by diversifying sources, lowering energy consumption, and reducing Europe's dependence on fossil fuels.

To mark the first anniversary of the work of the Task Force, both sides published on 3 April 2023 a progress report that presents the Task Force’s accomplishments and outlines the next steps.

The task-force met for the 11th time on 31 October 2023. The discussion focussed on reviewing the diversification of Europe’s natural gas supply sources, how to further reduce gas demand and how the EU has responded collectively and effectively to Russia’s aggression in Ukraine by accelerating the clean energy transition, diversifying supplies and saving energy.

EU-U.S. Energy Council

The EU-U.S. Energy Council is the lead transatlantic coordination forum on strategic energy issues, meeting yearly to deepen the dialogue on energy security, technology and markets. Established in 2009, the Council works to accelerate a just energy transition to climate neutrality for citizens of the EU and the U.S., also promoting research and development, innovation and deployment in related fields.

The Council is chaired by the EU High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President (HRVP), and the EU Commissioner for Energy, the U.S. Secretary of State and the U.S. Secretary of Energy. A representative from the rotating EU Presidency also participates.

Joint press releases or statements of the ministerial meetings

Business-to-business fora

Under the auspices of the Energy Council, Commissioner Simson and the U.S. Energy Secretary Granholm co-led a high-level business forum on offshore wind on 27 April 2022. It was the third business-to-business forum organised within the framework of the Energy Council, and the first one focusing on renewables. The previous fora related to liquefied natural gas (2019) and small modular nuclear reactors (2020).


3 APRIL 2023
EU-U.S. task force on energy security progress report 2022-2023
27 APRIL 2022
Report from the high-level business forum on offshore wind
11 FEBRUARY 2022
Factsheet: EU-U.S. LNG TRADE
Establishment and objectives of the EU-U.S. Energy Council