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India has rapidly growing energy needs due to a growing gross domestic product and population and a huge energy infrastructure deficit. India is focusing on domestic production, including renewables and nuclear, and on energy efficiency. India was a key player in achieving a global climate agreement in Paris in December 2015.

EU-India Clean Energy and Climate Partnership

In 2016, the EU and India established the "European Union - India Clean Energy and Climate Partnership" (CECP). The partnership promotes access to and dissemination of clean energy and climate friendly technologies and encourages research and the development of innovative solutions. It guides the energy and climate policy dialogue between the EU and India and helps supporting joint projects and joint research.

Current areas of collaboration include activities in offshore wind energy, roof top solar and solar parks, integration of renewable energy and storage, smart grids, biofuels and energy efficiency in buildings.

An energy panel meets annually at senior officials' level. Working groups on various energy sectors are active, including on renewable energy, energy efficiency and energy security. In addition, energy cooperation is taking place through conferences, study tours, exchanges, business meetings, joint research and many other activities in a broad range of energy sectors

  • offshore wind energy (FOWPI project);
  • solar Energy (Solar Parks and Roof-top solar)
  • energy efficiency in Buildings (Energy efficiency project)
  • advanced biofuels (joint research)
  • smart grids and storage
  • climate modelling, including energy transition scenarios.

India participates, with the EU, US, China, Russia, Japan and South Korea, in the international ITER fusion project. Bilaterally the EU and India cooperate under a Euratom Cooperation Agreement on Fusion Energy Research. Under the India-EU partnership for smart and sustainable urbanisation the EU provides support to Indian cities to develop plans for sustainable development, transport, industry, water and waste management, and more recently established city-to-city cooperation between European and Indian cities.

The EU is also providing support to Indian cities to join the Global Covenant of Mayors on climate and clean energy.


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