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Energy security

Secure gas supplies

EU legislation helps to prevent and respond to potential gas supply disruptions

Diversification of gas supply sources and routes

Diversified supply routes increase security of energy

Security of electricity supply

EU legislation to prepare for and manage electricity crisis situations

EU oil stocks

EU countries are required to maintain emergency stocks of oil which can be used in case of a disruption to supply.

Offshore oil and gas safety

EU rules to prevent and respond to accidents on offshore installations.

Oil and gas licensing

EU rules governing the granting of licenses for oil and gas exploration and production.

Critical infrastructure and cybersecurity

Energy security requires adequate protection of critical infrastructure, in particular against cyberattacks.

Energy supply and pandemics

The Commission collaborates with relevant energy expert groups to ensure access to energy, risk preparedness and cross-border coordination.