Skip to main content
News announcement20 September 2023Directorate-General for Energy1 min read

New Energy Efficiency Directive published

©AdobeStock(left to right):kardaska/rido/anatoily_gleb

The new, recast Energy Efficiency Directive (EU) 2023/1791, which was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council earlier this year, has been published in the EU Official Journal today and will enter into force in 20 days. After its entry into force, EU Member States will have two years to transpose most of the different elements in the directive into national law.

Today’s publication marks the final step in the legislative process that started with the Commission proposal in July 2021, as part of the ‘Fit for 55’ package, which was supplemented by an additional proposal as part of the REPowerEU plan in May 2022.

The new directive introduces a series of measures to help accelerate energy efficiency, including embracing the “energy efficiency first” principle in the energy and non-energy policies.

Changes from the previous directives 2018/2002 and 2012/27/EU include the following

  • Establishing an EU legally-binding target to reduce the EU’s final energy consumption by 11.7% by 2030 (relative to the 2020 reference scenario). This includes for each Member State the requirement to set its indicative national contribution based on objective criteria reflecting national circumstances. If the national contributions do not add up to the EU target, an ambition gap mechanism is applied by the Commission.
  • Increasing annual energy savings from 0.8% (at present) to 1.3% (2024-2025), then 1.5% (2026-2027) and 1.9% from 2028 onwards. That’s an average of 1.49% of new annual savings for the period from 2024-2030.
  • Obliging Member States to prioritise vulnerable customers and social housing within the scope of their energy savings measures. 
  • Introducing an annual energy consumption reduction target of 1.9% for the public sector as a whole.
  • Extending the annual 3% buildings renovation obligation to all the levels of public administration.
  • Introducing a different approach, based on energy consumption, for business to have an energy management system or to carry out an energy audits.
  • Bringing in a new obligation to monitor the energy performance of data centres, with an EU-level database collecting and publishing data.
  • Promoting local heating & cooling plans in larger municipalities.
  • Progressively increasing the efficient energy consumption in heat or cold supply, also in district heating.

Related links


Publication date
20 September 2023
Directorate-General for Energy