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Oil, gas and coal

EU coal regions

The EU is committed to supporting coal regions to ensure that the clean energy transition is fair and no region is left behind.

Coal regions in the Western Balkans and Ukraine

Initiative supporting a just transition of coal-based energy production in 17 neighbouring regions.

Methane emissions

Reducing energy-related methane emissions will boost the clean energy transition in Europe.

Oil refining

Oil refining processes transform crude oils into finished products, including fuels and lubricants for automotive, ship and aircraft engines.

Carbon capture and storage

Carbon capture and storage prevents CO2 from reaching the atmosphere.

Liquefied natural gas

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) diversifies EU gas supply sources, thus making countries more resourceful and resilient.

Shale gas and other unconventional hydrocarbons

The EU helps ensure proper environmental safeguards in the extraction of shale gas.