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Energy
Study

Review of the national rules for protection of infrastructures relevant for security of supply

Details

Publication date
18 February 2018
Author
Directorate-General for Energy

Description

The objective of the study "Review of national rules for protection of infrastructure relevant for security of supply" was to collect factual information about the national rules and frameworks in the Member States for screening foreign direct investments into energy infrastructure that Member States consider to be relevant for security of supply. The study investigated the following issues:

  • What infrastructure in the energy sector Member States consider to be relevant for security of supply?
  • Is foreign ownership of or foreign investment in such infrastructure considered to be a source of risk?
  • Collect information about instruments put in place by the Member States and their application to protect infrastructure relevant for security of supply in the energy sector from risks related to foreign investment
  • Collect information about legal framework and practice to control/screen foreign investments in fife selected (gas) supplier countries or main trade partners of the EU

The data was gathered from available publications and interviews with people working the relevant authorities in the Member States as well as with the investors.

The outcome of the study confirms that all Member States have at least one instrument that aims at screening or preventing foreign investments into energy infrastructure relevant for security of supply. The instruments put in place by the Member States are usually: horizontal or sectorial screening laws, golden shares and ownership restrictions. Some member States have more than instrument in place.

Files

Final study
English
(256.99 KB - HTML)
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