- Publication date
- 11 August 2017
- Directorate-General for Energy
This report was commissioned to gather comprehensive information on, and to provide systematic analysis of the latest available scientific research and the latest available scientific evidence on indirect land use change (ILUC) greenhouse gas emissions associated with production of biofuels and bioliquids.
The study concludes that ILUC factors identified in the literature vary significantly across biofuel pathways, studies, or even within studies. Studies that have investigated parametric uncertainty conclude that parametric uncertainty has a significant effect on the outcomes. As a consequence of all the uncertainties in the components of ILUC emissions, it is very difficult to narrow them down.